TOKYO (AFP) - Japan and Southeast Asian countries on Sunday pledged to boost economic and security ties, a day after they agreed on the importance of ensuring freedom of the skies after China declared a controversial air defence zone.
The leaders were discussing increasing exchanges of top diplomats and defence officials and closer coastguard cooperation, finalising a three-day special summit between Japan and Asean, officials said.
Tokyo on Saturday pledged US$20 billion (S$25 billion) in aid and loans to Southeast Asia at the summit with leaders of the Asean regional bloc, the latest step in its bid to woo global public opinion in its territorial dispute with China.
In bilateral talks on Sunday, Japan and Myanmar also agreed on an investment accord to accelerate Japanese investment in the former junta-ruled country, while Tokyo and Laos agreed to kick-start talks on a civil aviation agreement, officials said.
The talks came a day after Japan and Asean agreed on the importance of the "freedom of overflight and civil aviation safety", seen as a mild regional rebuke to China for its unilateral declaration of an Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ).
Beijing said all aircraft entering the zone have to submit flight plans and obey orders issued by Chinese authorities, in an announcement last month that was widely criticised as increasing regional tensions.
Some analysts fear the ADIZ in the East China Sea is a forerunner to a similar zone in the South China Sea, which Beijing claims almost in its entirety.
China has sovereignty disputes with four members of Asean - the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei - and has been repeatedly accused of intimidation and coercion.
"We will continue to provide support, both at the public and private level, for infrastructure building initiatives and work toward Myanmar's development," Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said after meeting with Myanmar's President Thein Sein.
In addition to Tokyo's development aid in loans, the investment accord signed Sunday would likely boost Japan Corp.'s investment in the quickly developing former pariah country, a trade ministry spokesman said.
The deal would give Japanese companies so-called national treatment, or rights that local businesses receive in Myanmar when making investment decisions, helping Japanese companies avoid political risks in investing in the country.
The move comes as Myanmar prepares for an economic resurgence following the end of decades of military rule, which in turn is attracting attention from firms all over Asia and the West.
Meanwhile, Mr Abe and Laotian Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong agreed to start negotiations for a civil aviation agreement that would pave the way for direct flights between Laos and Japan, officials said.
They also agreed to continue their talks to launch a bilateral security dialogue framework involving foreign and defence officials, according to Japanese officials.
With Vietnam's Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, Mr Abe was expected to discuss strengthening cooperation between the coastguards of the two countries which both face territorial disputes with Beijing in the South China Sea or in the East China Sea.
With Cambodia, whose economy is heavily reliant on China, Japan is also expected to discuss an aviation treaty and further exchanges of defence officials, officials have said.
The Japan-Asean summit commemorating 40 years of ties with the bloc comes at a time Tokyo is keen to garner support in its fractious spat with Beijing over the sovereignty of a small chain of islands in the East China Sea.
The case has taken on a greater urgency since China's declaration of the air zone which covers the contested archipelago.