BEIJING • President Xi Jinping has issued a blunt call for the Chinese military to be ready for war and unafraid to die defending the country, as geopolitical tensions mount in Asia.
Mr Xi's exhortation to the world's largest fighting force came during what state media characterised as a rare address by the Chinese leader to the country's entire military.
President Xi cemented his status as China's most powerful leader in decades during a Communist Party congress in October, and this week's rhetoric and images of massed soldiers and tanks seemed designed to back up his new strongman image.
China's military personnel should "neither fear hardship nor death", Mr Xi told thousands of military personnel during an inspection visit on Wednesday to the People's Liberation Army's (PLA) Central Theatre Command in northern Hebei province, according to the official Xinhua news agency.
Mr Xi also called for the military, a once-backward force whose rapid modernisation over recent years has raised alarm in Asia and the United States, to continue upgrading.
He urged the PLA to step up research into high-tech means of warfare and engage in "real combat training", Xinhua said.
"Create an elite and powerful force that is always ready for the fight, capable of combat and sure to win in order to fulfil the tasks bestowed by the party and the people in the new era," the President was quoted as saying.
Mr Xi also called for the military to utilise more technologies, increase scientific education among troops and explore more options to build an elite and inventive military.
As head of the Communist Party's Central Military Commission, Mr Xi is commander-in-chief of China's more than two-million-strong armed forces.
Xinhua called Mr Xi's address to the troops "the first time for the commission to hold a mobilisation meeting for the whole armed forces". Other media reports said thousands of troops elsewhere in the country had assembled at their installations to hear his speech.
Since taking office in 2012, Mr Xi has pushed for a muscular China, including calls last October to develop a "world-class" Chinese army by 2050.
China's neighbours have watched warily as the PLA has upgraded its arsenal with increasing sophisticated weaponry and sought to create a more effective and professional fighting force.
Analysts say Mr Xi is very unlikely to risk putting China's still-untested new prowess into an outright military confrontation. But concerns have grown, as Beijing has imposed increasingly assertive claims to vast expanses of the contested South China Sea, while engaging in confrontations with Japan over islands in the East China Sea, and with India over Himalayan regions.
Temperatures also have risen over North Korean leader Kim Jong Un thumbing his nose at the world by repeatedly testing his country's banned nuclear weapons and missiles, while exchanging tit-for-tat threats with US President Donald Trump.
During his visit to the military command this week, Mr Xi was shown in combat fatigues inspecting troops, tanks and sniper training. He also got aboard the Type 99A tank - China's new generation main battle tank dubbed the "King of Land Warfare" - and the Hongjian-10 missile carrier to learn their capabilities.
Praising new recruits for their physical fitness and versatile talents, Mr Xi urged them to train hard for reconnaissance ability.
"In the past, we had more spirit than steel. Now, we have plenty of equipment, so we need an even tougher and stronger spirit to wield it," Mr Xi said.
State media also said Mr Xi paid a visit to an exhibit detailing the PLA's experience battling American-led forces during the Korean War.
AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE, CHINA DAILY/ASIA NEWS NETWORK