SEOUL (REUTERS) - The World Health Organisation (WHO) said on Saturday that South Korea’s outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (Mers) was “large and complex” and more cases should be anticipated, but it saw no sign that the disease is spreading in the community.
There was also no indication that the virus in South Korea had changed to make it more transmissible, the WHO’s assistant director-general Keiji Fukuda told a news conference at the Health Ministry in Sejong, south of the capital Seoul.
The virus has infected 138 people in South Korea and killed 14 of them since it was first diagnosed on May 20 in a businessman who had returned from a trip to the Middle East.
The outbreak is the largest outside Saudi Arabia, where the disease was first identified in humans in 2012, and has stirred fears in Asia of a repeat of a 2002-2003 scare when Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars) killed about 800 people worldwide.
“Because the outbreak has been large and is complex, more cases should be anticipated,” said Fukuda, who is leading a WHO team that conducted a joint review with South Korean officials of the country’s response to the outbreak. He said he was encouraged that South Korea’s control measures were having an impact.
The businessman who brought Mers back to South Korea visited several health centres for a cough and fever before he was diagnosed, leaving a trail of infection in his wake. All of South Korea’s cases have been linked to health facilities.
“At present, the mission has found no evidence to indicate there is an ongoing transmission in the community,” Fukuda said.
Authorities have sealed off at least two hospitals and about 3,500 people are in quarantine, either at home or in medical facilities. Quarantine has been widened to isolate and test anyone who may have come into contact with a Mers patient.
The 12 new cases reported on Saturday included an ambulance driver who transported an infected person. Only four new cases were reported on Friday, the fewest in 11 days, raising hope that the worst might be over.
But experts predicted more cases until the incubation period, which is believed to be up to two weeks, for everyone exposed to an infected person is over.
A 67-year-old woman who contracted the virus from a patient became the 14th person to die in the outbreak, the ministry said. All of those who have died have been elderly or people suffering from existing ailments.
Mers is caused by a coronavirus from the same family as the one that caused Sars. It is more deadly than Sars but does not spread as easily, at least for now. There is no cure or vaccine.