N. Korea nuclear test site may have 'Tired Mountain Syndrome'

SEOUL • North Korea's nuclear test site may be suffering from the geological condition "Tired Mountain Syndrome" following the latest in a series of atomic blasts, but it is unlikely to be abandoned, according to an expert website yesterday.

The last five of Pyongyang's six nuclear tests have all been carried out under Mount Mantap at the Punggye-ri nuclear test site in the country's north-west.

Three small earthquakes have been detected in the immediate area since the most recent test on Sept 3, Pyongyang's most powerful by far.

The first, soon after the blast, has been widely attributed to some form of cave-in, with two much weaker tremors taking place in late September and last week.

Some reports have suggested that the site may no longer be suitable for further underground nuclear testing as a result.

"Tired Mountain Syndrome" is a name for the effect of below-ground nuclear blasts on the surrounding rock, which is extensively fractured and becomes increasingly permeable.

"Tired Mountain Syndrome" is a name for the effect of below-ground nuclear blasts on the surrounding rock, which is extensively fractured and becomes increasingly permeable.

The respected 38 North website said there could be concern about the phenomenon at Mount Mantap, with the area affected by the Sept 3 test potentially extending as far as 1.4km from the detonation point.

But it added: "US nuclear test history at the Nevada Test Site provides evidence that such post-test tremors are not unusual."

The earthquakes were therefore "not surprising", said analysts Frank Pabian and Jack Liu.

No expectations should be raised that nuclear testing at the site would be abandoned, the analysts said, pointing out that the facility in the United States was not closed until a general moratorium on nuclear testing in 1992, and that Punggye-ri has two more unused tunnel complexes.

"There is no valid reason to assume that the Punggye-ri test site is unable to contain additional underground nuclear tests," they said.

Tensions have soared in recent weeks following Pyongyang's nuclear test as US President Donald Trump engages in an escalating war of words with the North's leader Kim Jong Un.

The North's missile and nuclear capabilities have made significant progress under Mr Kim, who told party officials this month that the country's atomic weapons were a "treasured sword" to protect it from aggression.

AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on October 19, 2017, with the headline 'N. Korea nuclear test site may have 'Tired Mountain Syndrome''. Print Edition | Subscribe