China's navy has shown 'enormous restraint' in the face of US provocations: Admiral

US navy sailors standing in front of American and Chinese flags at a military port in Shanghai on Nov 16.
US navy sailors standing in front of American and Chinese flags at a military port in Shanghai on Nov 16.PHOTO: REUTERS

SHANGHAI (Reuters) - China's top admiral said his forces have shown "enormous restraint" in the face of United States provocations in the South China Sea, while warning they stand ready to respond to repeated breaches of Chinese sovereignty.

Beijing, which claims almost the entire energy-rich South China Sea through which US$5 trillion (S$7 trillion) in ship-borne trade passes yearly, has stepped up a programme of land reclamation and construction in disputed islands and reefs there that has sparked concern in the Asia-Pacific region.

The United States has called for a halt to China's artificial island building, and in recent weeks has tried to signal its determination to challenge Beijing over the disputed sea by sending military ships and planes near the islands.

"The Chinese navy has closely monitored the provocative actions of the United States and issued several warnings, while exercising enormous restraint in the interests of safeguarding the overall situation in bilateral relations," said Admiral Wu Shengli, commander of the People's Liberation Army Navy, according to a report on the defence ministry's website late on Thursday. "If the United States carries out repeated provocations despite China's opposition, we have the ability to defend our national sovereignty and security."

Adm Wu made the comments in a meeting in Beijing on Thursday with Admiral Scott Swift, commander of the United States'Pacific fleet.

Vietnam, the Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei also claim parts of the South China Sea.

In the Philippines on Wednesday, US President Barack Obama said China must stop the land reclamation.

Mr Obama's main Asia policy adviser said he planned to raise the South China Sea dispute at another summit meeting this weekend in Malaysia.

Adm Swift was in Shanghai earlier this week where the USS Stethem, an Arleigh-Burke class destroyer, made a port call.

It was the third visit first to China by a US navy vessel this year and the first since a similar guided missile destroyer, the USS Lassen, angered Beijing by sailing near one of China's man-made islands late last month to challenge the 12-nautical-mile territorial limits China claims around the artificial islands.