BEIJING • China has warned residents across a huge part of its north to prepare for a wave of choking smog over the weekend, the worst of which is expected over Beijing, prompting the capital to issue its second "red alert" this month.
The National Meteorological Centre yesterday said the smog would stretch from Xian, home to the world-famous Terracotta Warriors, across part of central China, through Beijing and up into Shenyang and Harbin in China's frigid north-east.
The air pollution would begin rolling in from about this evening and last until Tuesday, with visibility in the worst-affected areas such as Beijing likely to fall to less than 1km, it said.
The pollution index would probably exceed 500 in Beijing and parts of Hebei province, which surrounds the capital, it said. Residents are encouraged to remain indoors at levels higher than 300, according to government guidelines.
The Beijing city government issued its first "red alert" last week following criticism that previous bouts of smog had failed to trigger the highest warning level.
Beijing's second red alert comes after a landmark climate agreement was reached in Paris earlier this month, setting a course to move away from a fossil fuel-driven economy within decades in a bid to arrest global warming.
A red alert is triggered when the government believes air quality will surpass a level of 200 on an air quality index that measures various pollutants for at least three days. The United States government deems a level of more than 200 "very unhealthy".
In Beijing, a red alert means around half the vehicles are removed from the roads with an odd-even licence plate system enforced. Schools are recommended to close and outdoor construction is banned.
"I'm very concerned about the pollution, I think the government needs to put more effort into solving this," said 34-year-old Beijing software developer Cheng Xianke.
The Beijing environment bureau said the red alert would last from 7am today to midnight on Tuesday. The official Xinhua news agency said the smog would be worse than last week.
"Parts of north China will see the worst smog so far this year from Saturday," it said, citing the National Meteorological Centre.
Xinhua put blame for the smog on the over-reliance of much of northern China on coal for its energy needs and the heavy industries surrounding cities.
"From a long-term perspective, the improvement in air quality cannot just rely on temporary production suspensions or limitations for certain companies," it said.
"Fundamentally, it needs to come from an adjustment in industry and energy structure, as cutting emissions from the source is the permanent solution."
Beijing is not the only city to have a coloured alert system, and the restrictions rolled out in the most severe cases are broadly similar.
Hebei's environment protection bureau said it was issuing an orange alert, the second-highest, starting from yesterday. Schools will not close and there will be no vehicle restrictions but it recommends no outdoor activities and that people use public transport.
Shanghai schools banned outdoor activities and the authorities limited work at construction sites and factories earlier this week.
Environmental Protection Minister Chen Jining vowed this month to punish agencies and officials for any failure to implement a pollution emergency response plan quickly.