CANBERRA (BLOOMBERG) - Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull's new ministerial team was sworn in on Monday (Sept 21), with women and younger lawmakers promoted to replace figures loyal to former leader Tony Abbott.
Mr Scott Morrison, 47, was named Treasurer, charged with creating an economic narrative for shoring up growth in the post-mining boom economy. Ms Marise Payne, 51, became the country's first female Defence Minister, and will oversee plans for a new fleet of submarines. Ms Kelly O'Dwyer, 38, was appointed Assistant Treasurer and Minister for Small Business as Mr Turnbull boosted the number of women in the Cabinet to five from two.
"There was a sense that he needed to freshen the ministry," said Dr Haydon Manning, a politics professor at Flinders University in Adelaide. "Turnbull is addressing the perception that women are unwelcome in a coalition government. But he also had to tread carefully as the party has a lot of wounds and the last thing he can afford is sniping from disaffected conservatives."
Mr Turnbull, 60, who defeated Mr Abbott in a ballot of Liberal Party lawmakers on Sept 14, is seeking to overhaul the government as he attempts to turn around slumping poll ratings ahead of elections due in late 2016. At the same time, he must avoid worsening divisions within the party and appease a large group of lawmakers who voted for Mr Abbott to stay in the top job.
Ms Julie Bishop, the Liberal Party deputy leader who turned against Mr Abbott and stood with Mr Turnbull in the ballot, remains Foreign Minister. Mr Joe Hockey, 50, who served as Treasurer under Mr Abbott, did not seek a position in the new Cabinet and will quit Parliament after almost 20 years as a lawmaker. Mr Hockey will be named the next Ambassador to the US, the Australian Financial Review reported, without saying where it had obtained the information.
Four other members of Mr Abbott's Cabinet were dumped: Defence Minister Kevin Andrews, Employment Minister Eric Abetz, Industry Minister Ian Macfarlane and Small Business Minister Bruce Billson.
Trade Minister Andrew Robb, Finance Minister Mathias Cormann and Environment Minister Greg Hunt were among those to retain their roles.
Mr Turnbull told reporters in Canberra on Sunday that his new team would be a "21st-century government and a ministry for the future".
He said: "My government has a major focus on tax reform. The tax system is one of the key levers the government has to promote economic activity."
Mr Abbott had faced criticism for having too few women in his Cabinet and keeping older ministers who had served in the previous coalition government that ended in 2007. The result was a ministry that was supposed to look experienced, but instead came across as outdated.
The former leader was also criticised for initially scrapping science from ministerial portfolios. Education and science lobbyists welcomed the renewed focus on those areas by Mr Turnbull. His background in investment banking and the early era of Australia's Internet industry are giving optimism he will be an innovative prime minister, political analyst Stephen Stockwell said.
"Australia will have the benefit of Turnbull's business acumen, which has been about identifying new opportunities in rising industries and new technologies," said Griffith University's Stockwell. "There's certainly an appetite for a government that gets the nation's need for innovation after that seemed to falter under Abbott."
Ms Payne, who had served for two years as human services minister under Mr Abbott, will set out a defence white paper later this year outlining Australia's security priorities, Mr Turnbull said. The New South Wales Senator, who joined the Senate in 1997, previously worked as a political and public affairs adviser.
Ms O'Dwyer will attend the Cabinet alongside Ms Bishop, Ms Michaelia Cash (Minister for Employment and Minister for Women) and Ms Payne, Mr Turnbull told reporters, boosting the number of women in his top team. Ms Sussan Ley retains her post as Health Minister.
Adding Mr Arthur Sinodinos, 58, as Cabinet Secretary is expected to bolster its functionality, which was seen to suffer under Mr Abbott. The senator has had roles with the Commonwealth Treasury and Department of Finance, and for nine years was chief of staff to former Prime Minister John Howard.
The new leader's appointments followed his party's victory in a special election held on Saturday in Canning, Western Australia, with results indicating Mr Turnbull has helped to reduce a voter backlash against the government.
Former Special Air Service Regiment army captain Andrew Hastie was projected to win in Canning by 55 per cent to 45 per cent on a two-party preferred basis, according to the Australian Electoral Commission's website. That equates to a swing against the Liberal Party of 6.4 per cent, the commission said.
Opinion polls before Mr Abbott's ouster had indicated the Liberals would retain the district in the vote - triggered by a lawmaker's death - with a greatly reduced margin as the public registered discontent at a government marred by internal divisions and slowing economic growth.
The result was "a great win" for Mr Turnbull, who now will be focused on crafting a platform for Australia's next national election, Finance Minister Cormann said on Sunday in an interview with Sky News Television.
"The party as a whole will turn its mind to a second-term agenda, a policy agenda that we would take to the next election."