Australia must choose between the United States and China, says senior US Army official

Australian Army officer Lieutenant Colonel Warwick Young addressing Australian, US and Chinese army personnel during the opening ceremony for Exercise Kowari, a trilateral exercise, on Aug 26.
Australian Army officer Lieutenant Colonel Warwick Young addressing Australian, US and Chinese army personnel during the opening ceremony for Exercise Kowari, a trilateral exercise, on Aug 26. PHOTO: AFP/AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE

SYDNEY (Reuters) - A senior United States soldier said on Thursday (Sept 1) that Australia must choose between a stronger US alliance or closer ties with China, and urged Canberra to take a tougher stance against Chinese claims in the South China Sea.

"I think the Australians need to make a choice... it's very difficult to walk this fine line between balancing the alliance with the United States and the economic engagement with China," US Army Assistant Chief of Staff Colonel Tom Hanson said on Australian Broadcasting Corp. Radio.

"There's going to have to be a decision as to which one is more of a vital national interest for Australia," he said.

Col Hanson said the comments reflected his personal view and were not necessarily that of the US government.

The comments follow the publication of a parliamentary booklet warning Australian lawmakers to treat Chinese motives in the region with caution.

Australia, a staunch US ally, has previously drawn criticism from China for running surveillance flights over disputed islands in the South China Sea, and supporting US freedom of navigation exercises there.

However, Australia has not conducted a unilateral freedom of navigation voyage of its own. "Clearly China believes that they have an opportunity and they feel empowered to flout that, and a demonstration by Australia would be welcome," Col Hanson said.

Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop said in response to Col Hanson's comments that the US role in the Indo-Pacific region was as important now as it had ever been.

"We are balancing relationships between our largest strategic ally and our largest trading partner with deft diplomacy, consistency and pragmatism," Ms Bishop said in a statement.

China is Australia's biggest trading partner and a large source of foreign investment, spending US$11.1 billion on Australian assets, mostly property, in 2015, accounting and advisory firm KPMG and the University of Sydney have said.